Legal Education in India – Challenges & Solutions For Social Justice

legal education in india

Right now, around 2 lakh new advocates and lawyers are passing out from Indian law colleges, and joining around a million existing lawyers who have already passed out in the past.

But how many of them are actually practicing law and earning their livelihood? Or rather, how many of them are actually practicing law in the most ethical way and contributing to the progress and development of the country? The actual numbers may actually scare the hell out of you!

legal education in india

The main problem which Indian legal system is facing right now is the quality of education and right candidates who are actually passionate about law. As we have seen, around 70-80% of law graduates are those, who have opted for law just because some family members suggested this ‘course’ or those who just wanted to pursue law so that their name is suffixed with a fancy term.

Only 20-30% of graduating advocates are actually true practitioners of law, with a strong belief that proper implementation of law can make a difference in the society and it can actually trigger a movement which can wipe off corruption and inefficiency of the Govt.

But sadly, as we have seen in the past, majority of lawyers are themselves the actual reason of corruption!

I am Passionate About Law – Now What?

If you are student who is about to decide a career, and a path towards law education, then frame this in your mind – “Law can change everything in India”.

Law is the only aspect of our democracy which is the foundation, based on which the whole framework of democracy works. Law and Judicial Powers can control our Bureaucracy, Governance and Media; and can ensure that the corrupt are booked and punished.

Law is the only support system for the poor and needy; the one who cannot afford to fight the million dollar politicians and wicked businessmen.

legal education in india

And the only way to properly use law and efficient implementation of its power is that honest, passionate and sensible persons enter legal education system of India, and then attempt to change the existing protocols.

Mushrooming law colleges in India is another part of the problem, as there is no quality check right now, and anyone and everyone can enter these sub-standard colleges, and get a ‘degree’ which doesn’t help the situation.

Understand Legal Education

There are several startups in the educational niche in India right now, which are actively supporting and encouraging awareness about different aspects of education. CollegeDunia is one such active ‘search engine for education’ in India, which is being increasingly used by students and parents alike to understand more closely the way education is being offered and advertised.

And this is the best thing to happen to India right now.

For instance, in case you are really interested to know about CLAT 2016, which is the most important entrance exam for law graduates, then all you need to do is visit CollegeDunia and get all information you need.

The information that this National Level Examination would be conducted on May 8th, and 16 National Law Universities shall be actively participating in this exam, wherein 2252 students would be taken in, based on their performance in the entrance examination.

Just for information, this year’s CLAT would be conducted by Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjab.

The Solution to Legal Education

As per various conversations with experienced, passionate and clean lawyers, the solution which we have debated and churned out is pretty simple: More awareness and more information about legal education in India; and encouraging, inspiring poor students to get access to high quality education.

There is actually no dearth of talent in India, but all we need is a rigorous approach to making law education affordable, easy and within the reach of the poor, talented students.

Educational search engines like CollegeDunia are actually doing a great service to the nation, as those students who are not able to get timely information can now have access to the real knowledge, and accordingly prepare themselves for the fight.

Assistance and encouragement from the Govt. is also expected, as the tough fight for those 2000 odd seats can be a major issue for those, who are barely able to afford two times of meal.

Maybe reservation can work, but then, who will decide that which sections of the society needs reservation and how will the actual distribution of reservation work?

Policy makers of India and law observers need to carry an in-depth, detailed and practical fair assessment of this situation, and make legal education one of the most powerful mediums for implementing social justice in India.

Disclaimer: Some sources which helped us to form this article include: Legal Education Paper by BC Nirmal; Observation on Legal Education by Chandigarh High Court; Updated information on CLAT 2016 and other entrance exams by

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